Main Article Content



Globally antimicrobial resistance is rising, and the Indian scenario is also similar to antimicrobial awareness. The study literature on awareness regarding antimicrobial resistance in public is less in quantity. This study was designed to determine the awareness of antimicrobial resistance and appropriate antimicrobial use among health care professionals and laypersons.


This cross-sectional study was performed at a rural tertiary care hospital in Central India and included junior residents, interns and nurses, patients, and their relatives. Survey tool and data questionnaire were provided to participants in English and Marathi.


Total 384 people were enrolled as study participants. Health care professionals have more ideas than laypersons regarding antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance. Comparison of knowledge of antimicrobial resistance among hospital staff, patients and their relatives was done. The quantitative measurement of awareness of antimicrobial resistance took place with the help of this study. We were able to find out the prevalence of awareness of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance.


This study showed a comparison between study participants for knowledge about antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use regarding factors like education, hand hygiene, income and those working in fields like agriculture, hospital, etc. There is a need to frame policies to prevent excessive use of antimicrobials and increase awareness about the knowledge of antimicrobial resistance in common people. If the knowledge of infection prevention and control (IPC) is well-known to everyone, the antimicrobial resistance will not be left for the treatment.


Antimicrobial Resistance, Health Care Provider, Awareness of Antimicrobial Overuse.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tilesh Turankar, Shilpa A. Gaidhane, Priti Abhay Karadbhajane, Sonali G. Chaudhari, Abhay M. Gaidhane, & Shantanu Raju Sawale. (2022). Awareness Regarding Antimicrobial Use and Antimicrobial Resistance among Health Care Professionals and Lay Persons. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 11(5), 533–536.


  1. Tafa B, Endale A, Bekele D. Paramedical staff knowledge and attitude towards antimicrobial resistance in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia: a cross section study. Ann clin Microbiol Antimicrob 2017;16(1):64.
  2. Taneja N, Sharma M. Antimicrobial resistance in the environment: the Indian scenario. Indian J Med Res 2019;149(2):119-28.
  3. Thakolkaran N, Shetty AV, D’Souza NDR, et al. Antibiotic prescribing knowledge, attitudes, and practice among physicians in teaching hospitals in South India. J Family Med Prim Care 2017;6(3):526-32.
  4. Sampath S, Venoukichenane V. Knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotics usuage among health care personnel in a tertiary care hospital. Sch J App Med Sci 2016;4(9B):3294-8.
  5. WHO. Antibiotic resistance: multi-country public awareness survey. WHO Report 2015.
  6. Bhayani P, Rawekar R, Bawankule S, et al. Profile of urinary tract infection in a rural tertiary care hospital: two-year cross-sectional study. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ 2019;14(1):22-6.
  7. Glasgow L, Fletcher-Lartey S, Gabriel O, et al. Health care practitioners level of awareness on antimicrobial resistance in grenada. J Fam Med Dis Prev 2018;4:093
  8. Nair M, Tripathi S, Mazumdar S, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to antibiotic use in Paschim Bardhaman District: a survey of healthcare providers in West Bengal, India. PLoS One 2019;14(5):e0217818.
  9. Frieri M, Kumar K, Boutin A. Antibiotic resistance. J Infect Public Health 2017;10(4):369-78.
  10. Llor C, Bijerrum L. Antimicrobial resistance: risk associated with antibiotic overuse and initiatives to reduce the problem. Ther Adv Drug Saf 2014;5(6):229-41.
  11. Wang W, Arshad MI, Rasool MH, et al. Antibiotic resistance: a rundown of a global crisis. Infection and Drug resistance 2018;1645-58.
  12. Aslam B, Wang W, Arshad MI, et al. Antibiotic resistance: a rundown of a global crisis. Infect Drug Resist 2018;11:1645-58.
  13. Lai X, Wang X, Yang Q, et al. Will healthcare workers improve infection prevention and control behaviors as COVID-19 risk emerges and increases, in China? Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2020;9(1):83.
  14. Lacotte Y, Årdal C, Ploy MC, et al. Infection prevention and control research priorities: what do we need to combat healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance? Results of a narrative literature review and survey analysis. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2020;9(1):142.
  15. Kardas-Sloma L, Yazdanpanah Y, Perozziello A, et al. Hand Hygiene improvement or antibiotic restriction to control the household transmission of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing escherichia coli: a mathematical modelling study. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2020;9(1):139.

Most read articles by the same author(s)